A rich historical heritage of a Podolia town Nemirov will impress any tourist. It was a witness of many historical events, it was burning in the fires of the battles with gentry, and it was a capital of the Sarmate Princedom, impromptu by Turkey.
Archeological digs give evidence about the existence of an Old Russian town Mirov in the Õ-Õ² centuries. Scientists believe that this town was a forefather of contemporary Nemirov. Outside the town high (at times 9 meters high) walls of the town remained till nowadays. Found exhibits show the traces of Trypill culture, settlements of the early Scythian period. The first written data about the town dates to the end of the ÕIV century.
For a long time a picturesque town Nemirov was the estate of a famous family of Potockie. The Duke Boleslav Potockij was famous for his patronage activity. In Nemirov he financed the orphanage, hospitals for local residents, gymnasiums, etc. Nemirov men gymnasium (now it is the building of a school) influenced the development of education in Podolia. Soon a women gymnasium was opened (now it is the Construction Technical School), as well as grammar school for children. A famous Ukrainian specialist in folklore A.V. Markovich teached geography in the gymnasium, a painter I.M. Soshenko- painting, as well as K.Chaluj- one of the first biographers of Shevchenko, Ukrainian pedagogue I.I. Nechuporenko. The graduates of the gymnasium were a Russian drama actor Nedelin, a Russian poet G. Machtet, a writer A. Osipovich, Polish writers T. Ez and A.Rolle, a Ukrainian writer N.Tryblaini. The name of the famous scientist and surgeon N.I. Pirogov, who was one of the trustees of the educational establishment, is also connected with the gymnasium.
The granddaughter of the Duke Maria Grigorievna Potockaja (Duchess Scherbatova by husband) became the last land-owning lady of Nemirov. The Duchess decorated the estate, having invited for this purpose a Czech architector I. Stibrala. According to his projects the distillery, electro station, indoor market were built but perhaps the most considerable masterpiece of his activity was the famous palace. Around the palace a huge park was created. Nowadays this outdoor memorial of garden and park architecture of the second half of the XVIII century impresses all the tourists with its beauty as the park, being 85 hectares, has more than 160 kinds of trees and bushes. The two-storied palace, built in the neoclassical style remained intact. The sanatorium «Avantguard» is located there. Tourists can admire the interiors of the palace, which have been well preserved. All the walls are decorated with paintings, created by Ukrainian masters. In the main hall the portrait of the Duchess herself is hanging.
A famous Russian poet N.A. Nekrasov was born in Nemirov, a famous Ukrainian writer Marko Vovchok lived and worked there. At their time the following people visited Nemirov: Bogdan Khmelnickij, Danilo Nechaj, Polish kings S.Poniatovskij and Y. Sobeskij, Peter ², A.V. Suvorov, academicians V.Filatov, N.Pirogov, a French writer Onore de Balzak, composers Bethoven and Clod de Byssi. Exhibitions of the museum «Literary Nemirovschina» get the tourists acquainted with famous writers and composers, whose lives and creative activity are connected with Nemirov.
Many memorials of architecture remained intact in Nemirov, namely the palace of Duchess Scherbatova, the buildings of men and women gymnasiums, the house of Marko Vovchok, ex electro station, the mill (nowadays Myhoveckij shop), Saint Trinity Church, the Romanic Catholic church of Saint Iakov, the distillery (today alcohol plant).